Planting footprints of hope in Uruguay

A Chal-chal (Allophylus edulis) is planted in Punta del Diablo to contribute to the native forest restoration. Photo: Antartida Films

The first birds awaken as a winter morning fog covers the coast of Punta del Diablo, a small coastal town in eastern Uruguay.

The town sits between the Atlantic Ocean and the 17,500 hectare Black Lagoon, and the ocean breeze shapes the dunes where the psamófilo or ‘sand friends’ live; trees, shrubs, and herbs that are particularly adapted to this environment.

Native trees such as the Arrayàn, Chal Chal and Curupì, are increasingly threatened by alien species, unplanned urban development, and unsustainable tourism.

Only 4.8 percent of Uruguay’s land is now covered by native forests.

A group of local people have decided to reverse that trend and despite the winter’s cold, have gathered in a local park to start work.

“The restoration of native forests is very important for Uruguay. Most people don’t know about our native trees, they have no idea,” says Katherine Muller, a local entrepreneur.

She and the other volunteers start clearing the land of remains of black acacias and maritime pines, invasive exotics that displace native species and are quickly reborn when fires sweep through.

Native forests are home to nine out of 10 indigenous reptiles, birds, and mammals, including threatened species. They are essential to protect biodiversity, the environment, and water quality.

And Ms Muller says they have another role to play in protecting the unique environment of Punta del Diablo.

“Because of the fire issues, acacias and eucalypts are very flammable and our native trees are not,” she says.

The coastal forest resists in a small distribution of Uruguay and is the ecosystem with the highest percentage of invasion of exotic species. Photo: Antartida Films

Although the volunteers see small signs of hope almost immediately — some native plants survive under the branches of invasive trees — this small group knows that the present level of loss cannot go on.

“You can see, year after year the alteration,” says Victor Pereyra. “We are already in a situation that can’t continue. There are fewer and fewer birds, bees.”

Their concerns are shared by UNDP Uruguay’s Accelerator Lab, and Plantatón Uruguay which has begun planting 1,000 trees to restore Punta del Diablo’s native forest. The initiative will encourage individual commitment and collective financing through crowdsourcing.

Uruguay has been inspired by experiences from other countries such as Uzbekistan which is bringing life back to the Aral Sea, and Costa Rica’s Huella de Futuro, which is planting 200,000 trees in the country’s North Zone.

The local community together with UNDP’s team, plants Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora), a native species. Photo: Antartida Films

“This crowdfunding campaign is more than a fundraising tool to raise awareness about native trees. It is an enriching process that has united our country office, the government and local organizations with a common goal.’ It has also helped to spread the word about UNDP and its Accelerator Labs, to share knowledge and experiences from all around the world,” said Francisco Pons, UNDP Accelerator Lab Head of Exploration.

Adriana Pezzolano, an entrepreneur, has no doubt the project will succeed. She believes the project is about more than just the environment, but a step towards helping Uruguayans more deeply identify with their land. “I think it’s the connection one has with the origin of this country,” she says. “The forest was before us. And it is a way of being able to reconnect with that part. And unfortunately the city, the asphalt makes you lose it. It is genetic. I think we all have it. You just have to be willing to bet that, yes we can.”

Each tree represents a person committed to Uruguay’s ecosystem and a footprint of hope. It also depict the effort and dedication of small nurseries of native species, a local community seeking to live in harmony with the environment, and volunteers committed to native forests.

“We want to regenerate the psamófilo forest which is being rapidly lost,” says Claudio Taroco. “It’s ours. It’s what we have. It’s our identity. It’s our soil and it’s our indigenous flora. It’s what’s been here for a long time, and what must be recovered.”

Please click here to learn more about this initiative and find how to buy a tree to build the Uruguay of the future.

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